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Du 29 septembre 2011 au 30 septembre 2011

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 Thursday 29 th morning 9:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.

 


Air Pollution and Climate Change – How can we link assessment, planning and policy at the local regional and international scales?

The depth of the relationship between climate and air pollution – in sources, impacts and abatement options – and the prospects of securing major co-benefits from integrated climate and air pollution strategies has become one of the defining issues in contemporary atmospheric policy.  If implemented effectively integrated policies could significantly reduce the costs of abating the impacts of pollution and mitigating climate change.
But how are these benefits to be secured? To help answer this question the first half of this session reviews recent developments in co-benefits science and policy, then explores in more depth some of the methodological challenges involved in defining, assessing and valuing co-benefits, and finally looks at the challenges in implementing integrated climate and air pollution policies at regional and national level, on the basis of recent experience in France and the UK.


In the last few years it has become clear that the most fruitful area for co-benefit strategies is the so-called ‘short-lived climate forcers’. Ozone, methane and black carbon are major air pollutants which have severe impacts on health world-wide, but they are also climate gases which cumulatively contribute almost as much to climate change as does CO2. However, because of their far shorter residence-time in the atmosphere, action on them could have far more rapid impact on climate change than action on CO2 alone. The second part of the session therefore explores the scientific and policy significance of this relationship, and reviews the prospects for developing a ‘Medium-Term Climate Strategy’ which would  have major health benefits from reducing pollution but also deliver early progress on climate mitigation to complement necessary long-term action on CO2. 

 

9:30 a.m.

  Greeting and Opening Ceremony         

  Chair Jean-Marie RAMBAUD, EFCA President

                  Joëlle  COLOSIO, ADEME

9:40 a.m.

  Keynote presentation   

 Marcus AMMAN,   IIASSA presentation

10:10 a.m.

  Keynote presentation   

 Robert HOFT,  Convention on Biological Diversity  presentation

 

10:40 a.m.

  short-lived climate forcers co-benefit : The scientific context   

 Johan KUYLENSTIERNA, SEI.  presentation

 

11:10 a.m.

  Developing Co-benefit Strategies at Urban and Regional Scales: Experience so far 

   in France and the UK.

                  Jean-Marie RAMBAUD, APPA and James GRUGEON, EPUK  presentation

 

11:40 a.m.

Coffee break

 

12:00 a.m.

  Toward an intermediate climate policie      

 Martin Williams, LRTAP Convention presentation

12:30 a.m.

  Implementing and Intermediate Cliamte Policy : Option fort reducing Emissions of SCLFs  

 Luisa MOLINA, MIT presentation

 

1:00 p.m.

lunch break

 

 Thursday 29 th afternoon 2:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.


Bio-diversity, Eco-system Services and Crop Damage – how can we help mitigate damage from air pollution, and contribute to protection of biodiversity?

Humankind depends fundamentally on the goods and services provided by nature, for food, clean water and building materials, for example. In many important cases, the quality and continuity of these goods and services has been shown to depend on biodiversity. For example, pollination by a range of creatures, notably bees, is crucial to many important agricultural crops. Recent concern about the threats to biodiversity from human activity is therefore reflected in a concern for the continuity of crucial ecosystem services. Although the most obvious threats to biodiversity and, in consequence ecosystems services, come from direct human action including land use change and agriculture, there are also indirect threats from environmental pollution. Air pollution, along and in interaction with climate change (see session 1), plays a part in this and it is the purpose of this session to share information on the routes by which air pollution threatens biodiversity and ecosystems, the relative importance of air pollution impacts and the range of possible solutions. This session will provide a review of current understanding of the interactions between air quality and the biosphere and explore the routes towards an increased integration of co-benefits objectives in concerned policies.

 Chair : Kevin Hicks, Stockholm Environment Institute

2:00 p.m.

  Overview:  Air pollution impacts on ecosystems and how these in turn impact

  biodiversity, how the reduction of biodiversity then impacts

                     on the future flows of ecosystems services.

                 Roland BOBBINK, B-Ware Research Centre. Radboud University. The Netherlands  presentation

2:30 p.m.

  Key issues: acidification and eutrophication, acid rain and the disruption of

  natural nitrogen cycles, and their consequences over the long term.

                 Pierre CELLIER, INRA, France presentation

3:00 p.m.

  Techniques and Management: Current regimes and systems for managing air

  pollution impacts on eco-systems and biodiversity and the solutions available.

                 Jon Willem ERISMAN, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands?, no presentation during the workshop

 

3:30 p.m.

  Priorities for future action: An assessment of the most cost effective routes

  for intervention, the role of the concerned international regimes and the part

                      IUAPPA might play in developing a tighter partnership

                      between the biodiversity and air pollution communities.

                  Mark SUTTON, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. United Kingdom presentation

 

4:00 p.m.

  Coffee break


4:20 p.m.

  Panel Discussion             Chair : John Murlis, University College, London

  Robert HOFT, CBD secretariat ; Jean-Michel SALLES, CNRS ; Odile GAUTHIER,

                 French ministry of environment ; Jean Paul JACQUOT, EDF . Raphael BILLE, IDDRI ;

                 Carly STEVENS,Open University

5:30 p.m.

  Perspective for closer integration in europe

  André ZUBER, DG Environment, European Commission presentation

  

6:00 p.m.

  End of the session

 

 

Friday 30 th morning 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.


International Co-operation on air Pollution -  How can we now build the hemispheric and global strategies now needed for Ozone, Methane and Black Carbon

 

Most of the most prevalent and damaging air pollutants – notably ozone, particulate matter and methane – are transported at regional, hemispheric or even global scales. Action to control them has to be taken internationally.  While on some pollutants some progress has been made in recent years, no effective framework is yet in place to address some of the pollutants most damaging to human health – notably ozone and black carbon – which will require co-operation at the hemispheric scale. At the regional scale, while there is close co-operation within the UNECE, elsewhere – notably Africa, Latin America and parts of Asia - regional action is relatively undeveloped, yet it is in these regions that the health and environmental impacts of air pollution are most severe.
This session will take stock of recent developments in science and policy, and then explore three key issues:
-    What are the obstacles to enhanced regional co-operation in developing regions, and how can progress be achieved?
-    Key health-related pollutants – notably ozone and black carbon – need action at the hemispheric scale.  How can better cooperation be developed in science and policy?
-    Some sensitive areas– notably the Arctic and the Himalayas – are experiencing damaging impacts of climate change to which regional air pollutants are heavily contributing. What can be done?

The final presentation will outline the results of the review undertaken by the Union and its partners in the GAP Forum of options for enhancing international co-operation, as the basis for a panel discussion on how regional, hemispheric and global air pollution issues could be more effectively addressed.

9:00 a.m.

  Transboundary Air Pollution: Recent Developments in Science and Policy

  Richard Mills, IUAPPA                


9:30 a.m.

  Next steps in Regional Co-operation in Asia, Latin America and Africa

  Vlodimir,DENKINE or Kevin HIKS  UNEP presentation


10:00 a.m.

  Prospects for Co-operation at the Hemispheric Scale:

  A LRTAP Convention Perspective.   

                 Terry KEATING, Jeff CLARK  USEPA presentation

                      An Asian Perspective.

                 Katsunori SUZUKI, Kanagawa University,  Japan presentation

 

11:00 a.m.

  Coffee break


11:20 a.m.

  Climate and Air Pollution Impacts in the Arctic

  Pam PEARSON, International Cryosphere Initiative, presentation

 

11:50 a.m.
  Options for Strengthening International Co-operation on Air Pollution: 

  The Global Forum Assessment

                  Keith BULL, Formerly Executive Secretary, UNECE  LRTAP Convention presentation

12:20 a.m.

 Lunch Break

 

Friday 30 th afternoon 2:30 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.


Concluding Session

 

Presentation of reports from sessions                                    -   Session Chairmen

General conclusions and implications for future action
             -   Richard Mills,   IUAPPA

General discussions
        

Summing-up and conference close                                        -   Conference Chairman

with the participation of



program

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